"8.12" Tianjin Port Ruihai company's huge fire and explosion accident deeply shocked everyone's heart. As of 9.11, the number of deaths has reached 165, and another 8 people have lost contact. The people who lost contact have been declared dead in the legal sense. One accident resulted in 173 direct deaths, huge economic losses, and extremely bad social impact, which can be called the largest especially serious safety accident in the field of hazardous chemicals after the founding of the people's Republic of China.
When it comes to the catastrophic fire accident in Tianjin port, we can analyze the cause and effect of the accident from many aspects and many angles. On a large level, we can investigate the government departments for their inaction, disorderly actions, dereliction of duty and dereliction of duty, as well as the indiscriminate government and enterprise criticism, but this is the category of the government accident investigation team, which is not discussed here. But as an enterprise safety manager, we must see the internal cause of the accident through the appearance of the accident. The explosion accident in Tianjin Port has given many warnings to dangerous chemical enterprises, and it has also sounded the alarm for any of us again.
First, the enterprise must operate in accordance with the laws and regulations. The enterprise shall bear the main responsibility for safety, strictly implement the responsibility system for safety production, especially the "one post and two responsibilities", that is, economic goal responsibility and safety goal responsibility; correctly understand and implement the principle of who is in charge and who is responsible, so that every level of personnel has the corresponding safety responsibility for their work.
Second, hidden danger investigation and treatment must be standardized. The person in charge of the hidden dangers must be implemented, the rectification plan must be formulated, and the rectification must be carried out within the time limit. At the same time, the "closed-loop management" must be carried out for acceptance. For the hidden dangers that are difficult to be rectified for a while, temporary measures must be taken to ensure production safety. From the evaluation report of Tianjin Port Ruihai company, it can be seen that the hidden danger of over limit and over range storage of hazardous chemicals is actually congenital. In addition, there are defects in hazard identification of stored materials and the measures taken are not in place, which lead to the occurrence of major accidents. According to media reports, the relatively small fire risks of Ruihai company have also happened, but they have not been studied deeply. If the fire is put out, it will be all right. If we study more about why the fire risk occurs in ordinary times, if the fire is not put out in time, it will form a big fire or lead to a fire company. Tianjin Port explosion accident warns us to store materials: on the basis of code for fire protection design of buildings (gb50016), the general rules for storage of hazardous chemicals (gb15603-1995), classification and marking of hazardous chemicals (gb13690), regulations on safety management of hazardous chemicals, etc. and the anti-static facilities shall be kept in good condition and in use. In addition, the relevant management system shall be strictly observed Ensure the safety of material storage.
Third, strengthen the education and training of workshop directors and grassroots team leaders, especially the training of grassroots team leaders. In order to improve the quality of the basic level management personnel and create an intrinsically safe enterprise, the dangerous chemical enterprises should strengthen the training of the basic level management personnel. Dangerous chemical enterprise is a high-risk production enterprise with high temperature, high pressure, flammability and explosion, and the new equipment and process system is put into operation continuously. The ability of team leader as "head and tail" is the guarantee of the safe and efficient operation of the process system, and also the key to the safe production of the enterprise. Therefore, in order to ensure the safe and efficient operation of hazardous production, it is necessary for hazardous chemical enterprises to strengthen the training of team leaders, enhance the pertinence and effectiveness of the training, improve five abilities, and make them become the most advanced production commander.
First, we need to improve organizational capacity. The team leader of a hazardous chemical enterprise must have a strong ability of organization and coordination. Team production is a systematic and complex project. Without an excellent "commander", the healthy and rapid development of an enterprise will be impossible. Therefore, the team leader must not only have exquisite technology, but also have a strong ability of organization and coordination. Only in this way can the healthy and rapid development of a dangerous enterprise be promoted. Especially now, with the rapid development of science and technology and the continuous upgrading of production facilities, the organization as the leader of the production team must keep up with the development, master the new technology skillfully, and be able to effectively organize production. Therefore, when training team leaders, hazardous chemical enterprises should put the training of organizational ability in an important position, pay attention to the improvement of the training of organizational ability of team leaders from theory to practice. After the classroom training, it is necessary to organize and accompany the team leaders to the production site for practice, and arrange them in the production team to organize and command the production, operation, emergency rescue (simulation) exercise, Test their organizational ability. Only those who pass the practical examination can continue to be team leaders. Those who fail to pass the examination should continue to be trained. Those who fail to pass the examination should never be team leaders to avoid delaying production.
Second, improve the ability of hazard prediction. The danger of production safety in hazardous chemical enterprises is everywhere. Only by predicting in advance can we do a good job in advance to prevent and ensure production safety. As a team leader, he should not only have a thorough understanding of relevant safety laws and regulations, clarify the requirements of the superior for safety work, have foresight, sensitivity and forerunner for the safety production of the enterprise, but also master the production process and production facilities as well as predict the hidden dangers of the equipment, so as to take scientific and effective preventive measures to keep the equipment in good condition. Therefore, when training the team leaders, the enterprise should strengthen the education and training of safety prediction awareness, teach them the production facilities and the hazards prone to occur in the production process and preventive measures, so that they can master the pre control skills, improve their risk prediction ability, ensure that they have the pre safety prediction awareness and the ability to predict and prevent the risk factors. Only the team leaders can grasp the safety of each item All prevention work can effectively control the occurrence of various accidents and lay a good foundation for production and operation.
Third, improve the ability of safety inspection and hidden danger investigation and treatment on the production site. In the training of team leaders, hazardous chemical enterprises must strengthen the training of on-site safety inspection and hidden danger investigation and treatment ability, so that they have the exquisite skills of equipment process safety inspection and the ability of troubleshooting and treatment of hidden dangers, and through the training, they can continuously improve. Because enterprise production is a systematic and complex project, the equipment and process are closely linked, high-speed running machines and always running processes may have hidden dangers at any time, affecting the safe operation of production and endangering the safety of personnel. As a team leader, he must be familiar with the equipment structure, product technology, know their structure, principle, performance, defects and potential hazards, and have the exquisite skills of equipment process safety inspection and the ability of troubleshooting and treatment of potential hazards. This ability must be continuously improved with the development and update of production equipment, so as to find potential hazards in the daily patrol inspection in a timely and thorough manner Remove the hidden dangers to ensure the safety of the team.
Fourth, improve the emergency response capacity of production site. When training the team leader, the enterprise should strengthen the training of the team leader to improve the emergency response capacity of the production site. Because there are many production equipment and processes in hazardous chemical enterprises, aging caused by long-term use, or defects in manufacturing, hidden dangers caused by nonstandard installation and other reasons may cause safety hazards in production and operation at any time. As the team leader of the first site organization commander, he must have the ability to deal with emergencies in a scientific and rapid manner. Therefore, when training the team leader, the enterprise must strengthen the emergency response capacity of the production site, and comprehensively improve its emergency response capacity through training, so as to face the emergency calmly, quickly organize personnel, implement correct and effective measures, and eliminate the accident in the bud.
Fifth, we need to improve our ability to help each other and organize self-help. When an accident occurs, the level of self-help and mutual rescue ability of employees and the level of self-help and mutual rescue of enterprise organizations determines the casualty rate. Looking at the casualties in the accident, most of them are caused by the self-help and mutual help that they don't understand. If the team leader in the production line has strong self-help and mutual help ability and the ability to organize self-help and mutual help, they will organize self-help and mutual help in a timely and rapid manner, and also reduce the deaths caused by not understanding self-help and the casualties caused by blind rescue because they don't understand mutual help. Therefore, the enterprise should strengthen the training of self-help and mutual rescue ability for team leaders, and improve the self-help and mutual rescue ability of team leaders. This is because the team leaders are in the front line of production accidents. Only when they have excellent self-help and mutual rescue ability, and have the ability to organize employees to self-help and mutual rescue, can they effectively and quickly organize self-help and mutual rescue in the event of accidents, so as to reduce casualties and damage. To sum up, the ability of team leader as "head and tail" is the guarantee of the safe and efficient operation of the process system, and also the key to the safe production of the enterprise. Therefore, the enterprise must improve the comprehensive quality of the team leaders through the training of the team leaders, and forge them into the grassroots commanders with five abilities, so as to make the daily production of the enterprise safe, efficient and orderly, and also to create an intrinsically safe enterprise, so as to promote the safe, sustainable, stable and harmonious development of the enterprise.
The fire and explosion accident in Tianjin port is frightening. In the face of this explosion, which is almost certain to be a man-made disaster, each of us should not just act as a "spectator", but everything is the same when we return to real production and life. Safety production is not only a matter of the government and enterprises, but also our own. Everyone may be the victim or even the manufacturer of safety accidents. The explosion accident in Tianjin Port has once again sounded the alarm for our safety work. At present, the group company is organizing three places and three factories to summarize the past safety accident cases, analyze the causes of the accident, and formulate targeted protective measures based on the risk analysis to ensure the safety of production. Safety is of vital importance to human life. Safety is related to the development of the enterprise. Safety is related to the happiness of each of our employees and their families. Safety is related to Social harmony and stability.
Qi Chunli, Safety Technology Department of Yadong company